62 million tonnes of the almost 470 million transshipment in the Port of Rotterdam is Russia-oriented. According to the Port Authority, it is uncertain what the developments in Ukraine will mean for these flows in the coming period, but it will very likely lead to bottlenecks and higher prices.

Via the Port of Rotterdam, many energy carriers are imported from Russia. Broadly speaking, at present twenty per cent of the coal comes from Russia, twenty per cent of the oil products, 25 per cent of the LNG and thirty per cent of the crude oil.

In principle, the supply could come from elsewhere, but this is not deemed likely because it concerns enormous amounts.

Less than ten per cent of the Rotterdam container transport is linked to Russia. In addition, Russia exports products such as steel, copper, aluminium and nickel via Rotterdam.

Also read: Some of the consequences of Russia’s attack on Ukraine for shipping