X-Press Feeders, former operators of the fire-stricken container ship X-Press Pearl, has revealed that the salvage operation to remove the vessel’s wreck will occur in four phases over two seasons. The vessel will be cut in two in order to remove it. All onsite operations are expected to be completed by April 2023.
While waiting at the outer harbour of the Port of Colombo for a berth to carry out scheduled container handlings, a fire broke out on the X-Press Pearl on 20 May 2021. After thirteen days of firefighting, the fire was contained. Due to bad weather and structural damage, however, the vessel’s sinking could not be prevented. The cause of the fire was allegedly a container leaking nitric acid.
The ship has since been resting on the seabed, with X-Press Feeders waiting for the Monsoon to pass for the salvage to be executed.
Debris almost cleaned up
Phase one of the salvage operation already commenced in November 2021 and includes the removal of all container remains and cargo debris from water depths over 10 meters. That task is almost completed, with just two containers to be recovered within the next few weeks.
Meanwhile, the owners have contracted NARA (National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency) to survey the waters of less than 10 metres depth to identify if any incident-related debris can be detected and recovered. These works should take about four to five weeks and will begin shortly.
X-Press Pearl to be separated in two sections
Detailed underwater surveys have been completed at the wreck itself, and the heavy fuel bunker tanks have been inspected. A total of 60 cubic metres of oily water was recovered and separated, resulting in about three cubic metres of pure heavy fuel oil being safely removed.
The surveys revealed a large crack in the hull around the midship area, so the Shanghai Salvage Company has activated their proposed Contingency Plan, whereby the wreck will be separated into two sections. The forward wreck section with an estimated weight of 18,000 tonnes, and the aft one with an estimated weight of 13,000 tonnes.
To raise these two sections, 63 lifting wires will be installed underneath the wreck. Installation works, applying the Horizon Directional Drilling methodology, have already commenced. Salvors will also remove the accommodation block from the hull, with operations due to be suspended at the end of April 2022 for the onset of the southwest monsoon season.
Phase two will begin in November 2022 with the end of the monsoon season and will see the wreck split in two and preparations made to lift the wreck sections.
Raising of the wreck
Phase three will start in February 2023. The wreck sections will be raised between two lifting barges, applying a heave compensated strand jack methodology and placed onboard a semi-submersible vessel. The sections with the remaining cargo on board will then be transported to a certified decommissioning facility for further processing.
Finally, Phase four will see the complete dismantling, recycling, and disposal of the wreck sections and the standing down of all vessels and crews by September 2023.
The salvage teams will continue to be supported by response tugs on a 24-hour watch to deal with any form of pollutants that may be released during the entire recovery and salvage process, and regular water sampling will be ongoing at the site. Representatives from Sri Lanka’s Marine Environment Protection Authority will remain with the recovery crews signing off on their work as it progresses.
Shore clean up
On the Sri Lankan beaches, Oil Spill Response Limited, a company specialising in pollution recovery, together with local resources, continue to be engaged in clearing the affected areas from the plastic nurdles and other debris related to the incident.
The vessel owner’s P&I insurers are still in discussions with the Sri Lankan government on a second compensation claim to help the local fishing community and others who have been impacted by the consequential costs of the fire and sinking of the vessel. In July, X-Press Feeders made an initial payment of USD 3.6 million.
Four crew members still detained
X-Press Feeders says it continues to work with the Sri Lankan authorities towards the repatriation of the four remaining crew members who are currently housed at a hotel in Colombo. The company hopes they will be able to return home as soon as possible.
The first eleven seafarers of the container ship X-Press Pearl were able to go home in July, with another four having their travel ban lifted in December. The crew members have been in Colombo since being evacuated from the X-Press Pearl on 25 May.
Picture by the Sri Lanka Ports Authority.